The historic village of Sortelha, Sabugal located in the county, was recently considered one of the most beautiful villages in the world. Situated on top of a high hill, to over 760 meters, in a very rugged region of granitic nature, Sortelha is an ornate town with boulders and baroque, where the houses lean and based. This provision of the houses, exposed to the sun, explains the nickname of "lagartixos" given to its inhabitants. It is a village in granite, with typically medieval streets and alleys, enclosed by a circle of walls, guarded by a castle overlooking the thirteenth century. Sortelha continues to be certainly one of the most beautiful and ancient towns of our country, the line of which has changed little in the last 500 years. At the time of the Christian Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, Sortelha Pena, as it was then called, was constituted in defense of the border region, disputed between Portugal and Castile. From 1187, Sancho I (1185-1211) took measures to repopulate the place, and it was his namesake grandson, D. Sancho II granted a charter to the village (1228), the probable time of the building of the castle. About the village would benefit by D. Dinis in the thirteenth century that from the signing of the Treaty Alcanises (1297) set the boundaries beyond the land of Riba-Coa. In the following century, was erected a new fence by Ferdinand initiative. In the fifteenth century it is known that the castle was mayor Manuel Sardinha, succeeded by Pero Zuzarte. In 1510, King Manuel I (1495-1521) renewed the charter of the Village, mentioning that its inhabitants were not obliged to lodge the large and small kingdom, if that was the will of the people of Sortelha. This sovereign also started a campaign works in the castle, of which remains the flagship Manueline on the door. In 1522 Garcia Zuzarte became Captain-General. In this century also the noble D. Luís da Silveira, chief guard of King Manuel I and John III (1521-1557), acquired the castle, becoming its mayor, giving it the John III Sortelha title of Count.